Care of Hemorrhoids
To be able to eat what you like and able to digest may be considered the biggest blessing of Nature. However, there are a few health issues that greatly affect appetite or digestive processes and thus overall food intake. One of these issues is hemorrhoids that makes eating difficult and after digestion makes it difficult to get rid of waste products.
What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are masses or enlarge veins of rectum that occur due to excessive pressure in rectum. The most important cause is passage of very hard stool that requires constant straining to allow passage of fecal matter out of the body. Hemorrhoids may be internal or external; depending upon the location but in each case may lead to:
- Difficulty in bowel movements:
This difficulty is because of enlarged masses that obstruct the lumen or opening of anus for the passage of stool. It is because of chronic constipation that appetite is greatly depressed in most individuals that may even lead to malnutrition.
- Pain during bowel movements:
Pain during, before or after passing stool is a common complaint that arouses the suspicion of hemorrhoids and become the major reason why people see their doctors. The biggest reason why hemorrhoids develop and worsen is constipation, but due to pain in rectum at the time of passing stool.
- Blood in stool:
Most hemorrhoids are noticed when the person saw blood in stool. Bleeding with external hemorrhoids is mostly painless but bright red copious blood is enough to make anyone panic.
Complications of Hemorrhoids:
If hemorrhoids are not treated timely and inciting causes are not removed, hemorrhoids may become a more complicated and complex to treat problem. Following complications may also occur
- Risk of infection:
Hemorrhoids if remain untreated may get infected due to bacteria present in stool and may need surgery and highly potent antibiotics to control the situation.
Hemorrhoids may bleed profusely or may bleed slowly that may lead to anemia (due to excessive blood loss). Moreover nutritional intake is also greatly decreased due to low appetite.
- Anal fissure:
Due to pain, bleeding and other issues, constipation develops and more constipation develops. Due to passage of extremely hard stool (as a result of long standing constipation) anal fissures develop that are cracks in the lining of rectum.
What can you do to control your hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids develop due to following risk factors, if these are controlled, hemorrhoids can be prevented.
Low fiber diet:
Low fiber diet decreases the bulk of your stool making it difficult to be excreted without enough straining.
Low intake of water:
Low intake of water makes the stool hard, making the passage of stool difficult from the gastrointestinal tract. Moreover, with low water intake, hard stool may lead to anal fissures (which are very painful and difficult to be treated because of constant exposure of wound to fecal bacteria), further increasing constipation and thus hemorrhoids.
Less concentration of anti-oxidants:
Anti-oxidants ensure proper healing of gut muscles and lining.
Low metabolic or physical activity:
Constipation is very common with low physical activity that decreases the pace of metabolism (or process of digestion) thus further increasing constipation. By regular exercise, constipation can be improved, which also helps to improve constipation and hemorrhoids.