Menopause and its management
With age, the activity of many organ systems gets depressed and may affect overall function within the body. Menopause is a natural phenomenon which happens in the life of every woman. It is the time when the follicles present in the ovaries of females get depleted and with that the women loses her ability to conceive and give birth to the baby. As a consequence of menopause, the natural mechanism present inside the ovaries of females (that leads to secretion of hormones which are responsible for a variety of feminine activities and functions) also get affected. Mainly the female hormones which are responsible for carrying out and maintaining the reproductive cycles in females are progesterone and estrogen, which are also responsible for many other secondary sexual characteristics in women.
Symptoms of Menopause
Other than abnormality in the secretion of hormones, there is a marked effect on the reproductive cycles of females. First of all there is an erratic menstruation (marked by irregular menstrual cycles that may be more painful and may lead to more bleeding than usual menstrual cycles) among these females and then it eventually stops completely. Along with these immediate symptoms of menopause, some secondary symptoms are also observed in many females. In most women the symptoms of menopause are gradual and develop over a period of two to four years until leading to final menopause; however in some women the symptoms are abrupt and thus make it more difficult on part of women to adapt to the new changes.
During and after menopause many changes occur in the body of a female which can totally change the biochemistry of their body systems. As a result of menopause, the secretion of many hormones is depleted this has a direct effect on the blood nutrients and bones. Another very important impact:
- Changes or alteration in overall behavior and mood of the female. Failing to cope with the changing conditions in body the behavior and mood of many females is affected badly.
- In addition to this the bones and joints also become weak and become the cause of osteoporosis. However if the females are educated properly, they can amicably manage the situation and can cope with the changes occurring in their body due to menopause.
- Apart from that, hot flushes and migraine headaches are also characteristic features of menopause. Some women also reports weight gain, bloating and changes in the breast as a result of menopause.
Management of Menopause
If certain steps are adopted before the situation of menopause, one can manage and cover up the situation. First of all maintenance of a healthy lifestyle is encouraged. Doing regular exercise and aerobics can greatly improve the life quality and cure many problems like insomnia, mood swings and has many cardiovascular benefits.
In some cases Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) is suggested because only progesterone is harmful for body and can increase the risk of breast cancer. Therefore HRT is suggested in many cases in order to overcome the vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause.
Avoiding alcohol or reducing its consumption is strongly suggested because using alcohol in larger amounts is very dangerous for the body immune system.