Nutritional management in post-surgery patient
After any surgery or operation, it becomes very important to maintain the nutritional status of the patient for a number of reasons:
- Most post-surgery patients (after any surgery or operation that require anesthesia exposure) have depressed appetites due to lack of physical inactivity, moreover bowel movements are not very frequent after most operations that further decreases appetite.
- Body is in a very active state of metabolism and requires a lot of nutrition, which must be supplied for early recovery.
How to manage Nutritional status in the patient?
If you have a loved one or if you have been through a major surgery, there are a few recommendations that may help you to feel better and come out of the weakness of surgery in a short time. These are:
Maintaining excellent hydration:
Increasing water intake helps a lot after any major surgery. For example:
Hydration maintains blood pressure and prevents from the damages caused by hypotension (low blood pressure). Moreover, hydration helps in clearing the metabolic end products of anesthesia and other medications that are being given to patient in recovery stages. If hydration is not maintained, it may lead to:
- Constipation due to difficult passage of stool (formation of very hard stool).
- Liver damage and kidney damage due to low blood pressure and due to harmful effects of medications and drugs on the body.
Ideally, there are no indications or directions for water intake in most surgeries; however for cardiac surgery, water intake should be in accordance with the advice and recommendations of the physician and surgeons.
Increase calorie intake:
Calorie intake must be increased because body requires more energy and metabolites for effective recovery of the body. Calories must be supplied by regular food intake (because of low appetite most people have issues in maintaining diet but still all efforts must be made). Following tips may help:
- Supplementing the food that the patient would like to eat (of course after discussing and seeking permission from the doctor).
- Your TextDivide the food into multiple portions as patient may not be able to eat large portions at one time.
- Increase the use of salads and fruits, the best advantage of using more fruits and salads is to avoid constipation (which is pretty common in post-surgery patients due to low level of physical activity)
Avoid complicating the health status of patient:
Efforts must be made to preserve the health status and avoiding foods that may complicate post surgery health-status or prolong recovery stage. Efforts must be made to prevent citrus fruit juices and other food products or any other risk that may lead to cough. If cough, constipation or any such complaint arises, it must be treated as soon as possible.
Increase in abdominal pressure due to cough and constipation may lead to weakening of stitches that may lead to herniation of abdominal contents or increased chances of infection.
Moreover, initiate the physical activity as soon as possible, this will not only makes the patient feel better about his situation but also hasten recovery processes.