Tips to Improve the Health of Kidneys
Kidney is responsible for clearing the body of waste products that are formed as a result of daily metabolic processes. Human body works like a factory and each organ works like a separate department, and within human body, liver and kidneys are two organs that are responsible for Waste Management.
Kidney purifies blood and filter out all the waste products from the blood to be excreted in urine, so that the body can be cleared of potentially disease producing agents. For ideal regulation of all body processes, it is important that at least 0.5 Liters of urine is to be produced by kidneys.
Kidney receive blood from the heart that is allowed to pass through a complex plant where all the good nutrients are picked back in the circulation but the harmful products are freely filtered to be expelled from the body via urine.
What increases the risk of kidney damage?
There are a few healthy conditions that increase the risk of damage to kidneys. Broadly these are classified as:
Any lesion above kidneys:
Lesion above the level of kidneys is mostly that reduces blood supply to kidneys, like dehydration, burns or heart failure. If kidney didn’t get enough blood supply, the body cannot be cleared of waste products and kidney failure occurs.
Lesion within kidneys:
Lesion within kidney involves direct damage to cells of kidney by harmful agents like some drugs, gold salts, mercury, some infectious agents (like HIV virus) and some genetic disorders. Uncontrolled Hypertension and diabetes are known as the biggest risk factors for permanent kidney damage according to latest statistics.
Lesion after kidneys:
Lesions outside the kidneys mainly include issues of ureter and urinary bladder, most prevalent of which is kidney stones that may dislodge to enter ureter or bladder leading to obstruction to the outflow of urine. Because of the back-pressure, urine destroys kidney cells and tissue leading to kidney failure, which in long-standing cases may lead to permanent damage.
Kidney is one organ that is essential for survival and in case of permanent damage, the only way to maintain existence is dialysis or kidney transplant.
Sign and symptoms of Kidney damage:
In most cases, kidney damage remains undetected until late stages. In majority of the cases, kidney damage is diagnosed incidentally during routine examination by elevated Urea and Creatinine levels. If left untreated and when more than 50% kidney cells are damaged:
- Nausea vomiting may occur due to rising Urea and Creatinine
- Bleeding tendency as clotting factors cannot function in the presence of elevated urea in blood.
- Hypertension that is refractory to usual therapies for the same reason.
Tips for the maintenance of Kidney health:
- Hydration or water is the most important element that helps in maintains health of kidneys by promoting the expulsion of waste products.
- Avoiding unnecessary medications especially analgesics that damages the micro-architecture of kidneys. This includes acetaminophen, aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory disease.
- Increase the consumption of Vitamin C in diet that protects the kidney with its anti-oxidant properties.
- Avoid infections and diseases that may injure kidney cells like HIV infection and heroine.